What is Liver Tumor? Liver Tumor Treatment
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- Why is the liver important?
- What is liver cancer?
- What causes liver cancer?
- What are the symptoms of liver cancer?
- How is liver cancer diagnosed?
- How is liver cancer treated?
- What is the outlook for patients with liver cancer?
- What is the best way to reduce the risk of liver cancer?
- Related Terms
Why does the liver matter?
The liver, which sits on your right side, is the second-most significant organ in your body. The liver has a variety of functions in your body. It converts the food and liquids you consume into nutrients and energy that are then stored for your body to use. Additionally, your liver purges toxic compounds from your blood.
What is hepatic cancer?
The development and spread of cancerous liver cells is known as liver cancer. Primary liver cancer is the name for cancer that develops in the liver. Metastatic liver cancer refers to cancer that has migrated from another organ to the liver.
Why does liver cancer develop?
Liver cancer risk factors include the following:
- Hepatitis B and C infections that last for a long time frequently result in cirrhosis, which is a risk factor for liver cancer. Liver cancer can develop from hepatitis B without cirrhosis.
- excessive drinking.
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which may raise the risk of liver cancer, is intimately linked to obesity and diabetes. This is especially true for those who drink excessively or have viral hepatitis.
- a few metabolic illnesses that run in families.
- exposure to aflatoxins in the environment.
What signs or symptoms might liver cancer have?
Symptoms might include weakness, fever, jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin), weariness, bloating, discomfort on the right side of the upper abdomen or back and shoulder, nausea, loss of appetite, sensations of fullness, weight loss, and exhaustion.
How is hepatitis cancer identified?
Imaging studies or a physical examination may reveal liver cancer. Blood tests, ultrasound examinations, computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and angiograms are required to confirm a diagnosis. Sometimes a liver biopsy may be required if the image is still ambiguous. A little bit of liver tissue is taken during a biopsy and examined in a lab.
How is liver cancer treated?
Treatment for liver cancer is dependent on:
- whether the disease has progressed outside the liver
- The individual's age and general health
If the cancer has not spread and the remainder of the liver is healthy, the following treatments are an option:
- Transplant: If the cancer has not spread, a liver transplant (replacing the liver) may be a possibility for certain individuals.
- Surgery: Doctors may do a partial hepatectomy to remove the tumour from the liver if the cancer was detected early and the remainder of the liver is healthy.
- Ablation by radiofrequency or microwave: Ablation by radiofrequency generates heat that kills cancer cells.
Other treatment options if surgery and transplant are not possible include:
For cancer that has not spread outside the liver:
- Bland embolization or chemoembolization are procedures in which the blood supply to the tumor is blocked, after giving anticancer drugs (chemoembolization) and one without (bland embolization). Both are given in blood vessels near the tumor.
- Internal Radiation therapy (TARE) uses Y-90 particles that emits beta radiation to destroy cancer cells.
For cancer that has spread outside the liver:
- Oral medication is available for use in some cases of hepatocellular carcinoma(the most common type of primary liver cancer).
- Clinical trials may be an option for some patients.
- Talk to your doctor about other options that may be available.
What is the outlook for patients with liver cancer?
A successful liver transplant will effectively cure liver cancer, but it is an option for only a small percentage of patients. Surgical resections are successful in only about one out of three cases. However, scientists are experimenting with several promising new drugs and therapies that could help prolong the lives of people with liver cancer.
What is the best way to reduce the risk of liver cancer?
Steps to reduce the risk of liver cancer include:
- Regularly see a doctor who specializes in liver disease
- Talk to your doctor about viral hepatitis prevention, including hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccinations
- Take steps to prevent exposure to hepatitis B and hepatitis C.
- If you have cirrhosis or chronic liver disease, follow your doctor's recommendations for treatment and be screened regularly for liver cancer
- If you are overweight or obese, diabetic, or drink heavily, talk to your doctor
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